Blue Brain Project Accurately Predicts Connections Between Neurons
Proof of concept: Researchers identify principles to support brain simulation models

Stress Breaks Loops that Hold Short-Term Memory Together
Stress has long been pegged as the enemy of attention, disrupting focus and doing substantial damage to working memory — the short-term juggling of information that allows us to do all the little things that make us productive

Scientists Use Prosthetic Device to Restore and Improve Impaired Decision Making Ability in Animals
Imagine a prosthetic device capable of restoring decision-making in people who have reduced capacity due to brain disease or injury. While this may sound like science fiction, researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have proven for the first time that it is possible in non-human primates, and believe that one day it will be possible in people

Researchers Create Short-Term Memories In-Vitro
Research in October issue of Nature Neuroscience sheds new light on the mechanics of memory

A Brain Filter for Clear Information Transmission
DZNE researchers: Neuronal inhibition is key for memory formation

Noisy Surroundings Take Toll on Short-term Memory
Speech content and bad acoustics draw on same limited brain resources

Predicting How Patients Respond to Therapy
Brain scans could help doctors choose treatments for people with social anxiety disorder

Chocolate: A Sweet Method for Stroke Prevention in Men?
Eating a moderate amount of chocolate each week may be associated with a lower risk of stroke in men, according to a new study published in the August 29, 2012, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology

Potential Treatment for Cognitive Effects of Stress-Related Disorders, Including PTSD
Experimental drug prevents cognitive effects of stress

Math Ability Requires Crosstalk in the Brain
A new study by researchers at UT Dallas’ Center for Vital Longevity, Duke University, and the University of Michigan has found that the strength of communication between the left and right hemispheres of the brain predicts performance on basic arithmetic problems. The findings shed light on the neural basis of human math abilities and suggest a possible route to aiding those who suffer from dyscalculia– an inability to understand and manipulate numbers

Video Shows the Traffic Inside a Brain Cell
New imaging technique reveals the brain’s continuous renovation

Researchers Discover New Non-Invasive Method for Diagnosing Epilepsy
Findings could help millions of people who are unable to control seizures

The Roots of Human Self-Awareness
New study points to a complex, diffuse patchwork of brain pathways

Common Parasite May Trigger Suicide Attempts
A parasite thought to be harmless and found in many people may actually be causing subtle changes in the brain, leading to suicide attempts

Multi-dimensional Brain Measurements Can Assess Child’s Age
Timing of brain maturation is more tightly controlled than previously known

Neuroscientists Find Brain Stem Cells that May Be Responsible for Higher Functions, Bigger Brains
Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute have identified a new stem cell population that may be responsible for giving birth to the neurons responsible for higher thinking. The finding also paves the way for scientists to produce these neurons in culture—a first step in developing better treatments for cognitive disorders, such as schizophrenia and autism, which result from disrupted connections among these brain cells

Brain Hubs Boil when Hoarders Face Pitching Their Own Stuff
Impaired decision-making traced to the “Salience Network” in a new NIH study

New Model Synapse Could Shed Light on Disorders Such as Epilepsy and Anxiety
A new way to study the role of a critical neurotransmitter in disorders such as epilepsy, anxiety, insomnia, depression, schizophrenia, and alcohol addiction has been developed by a group of scientists led by Gong Chen, an associate professor of biology at Penn State University. The new method involves molecularly engineering a model synapse — a structure through which a nerve cell send signals to another cell. This model synapse can precisely control a variety of receptors for the neurotransmitter called GABA, which is important in brain chemistry

Simple Mathematical Computations Underlie Brain Circuits
Discovery of how some neurons inhibit others could shed light on autism, other neurological disorders

Making It Easier to Learn to Read: Dyslexia Caused by Signal Processing in the Brain
To participate successfully in life, it is important to be able to read and write. Nevertheless, many children and adults have difficulties in acquiring these skills and the reason is not always obvious. They suffer from dyslexia which can have a variety of symptoms. Thanks to research carried out by Begoña Díaz and her colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig, a major step forward has been made in understanding the cause of dyslexia. The scientists have discovered an important neural mechanism underlying dyslexia and shown that many difficulties associated with dyslexia can potentially be traced back to a malfunction of the medial geniculate body in the thalamus. The results provide an important basis for developing potential treatments

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