The Molecular Mechanisms Behind Memory Formation
Researchers have identified a cellular pathway that encodes memories by strengthening specific neurons

Distinctive Brain Patterns Help Habits Form
MIT researchers have identified neurons that fire at the start and conclusion of a behavior as it becomes a habit

Full Length Serotonin Receptor Structure Seen For First Time
Researchers have been able to view the full length of serotonin receptors for the first time, with the help of Nobel prize winning microscope technology. The snapshot of the receptor includes details of molecular binding sites that could help with the development of a range of new drugs

Dim Light May Make Us Dumber
A new study reveals exposure to dim light might impact memory and learning. Researchers report rodents exposed to dim lighting lost 30 percent of hippocampal capacity and performed poorly on spatial tasks they had previously experienced

New Insights into Autism Spectrum Disorder
Researchers report exposure to a compound used to treat seizures and migraine can cause characteristics associated with autism

Epilepsy Linked to Brain Volume and Thickness Differences
UCL researchers report epilepsy is associated with gray matter differences in thickness and volume in several brain regions

The Creative Brain is Wired Differently
Synchrony between the default mode network and executive control network appear to play an important role in creativity, Harvard researchers report

Friends’ Genes May Help Others Stay in School
Stanford researchers report it’s not just your DNA that influences your educational achievement. The genetics of others in your social circle also influences how far you go in school

Nearly Imperceptible Fluctuations in Movement Correspond to Autism Diagnoses
Movement could be an accurate biomarker for the diagnosis of autism, researchers report

Researchers turn to neuroscience to help explain why some people are more creative than others

Blind in the Mind: Why Some People Can’t See Pictures in their Imagination
Researchers report on why some people experience aphantasia, the inability to imagine in images

Rare Form of ‘Thunder’ Protein May Be Linked to Schizophrenia
A new study has identified rare genetic variation in the Thorase protein that causes the breakdown of receptors at the connections between neurons in the brain. The anti-epilepsy drug perampanel can help reverse anti-social behaviors linked to schizophrenia that are associated with this genetic variation.

Layer-specific modulation of neocortical dendritic inhibition during active wakefulness
Specialized nerve cells, known as somatostatin-expressing (Sst) interneurons, in the outer part of the mammalian brain - play a key role in controlling how information flows in the brain

Ultrastructural evidence for synaptic scaling across the wake/sleep cycle
The axon-spine interface decreased ~18% after sleep compared with wake

Study Shows How Epilepsy Drugs Block Electrical Signals in the Brain
A new study reports computer simulations have helped to identify the drug’s binding site

The Rhythm That Makes Memories Permanent
Sharp wave ripples, brain waves important for memory consolidation, are influenced by synaptic inhibition.

‘Latest Spoke in the Wheel’ Drives Brain-Mapping Advances
A special section on “Super-resolution Microscopy of Neural Structure and Function” in the current issue of the journal Neurophotonics

New Mechanism of How Brain Networks Form Identified
Excitatory neurons sculpt and refine maps of the external world throughout development and experience, while inhibitory neurons form maps that become broader with maturation

The Last Frontier: The Molecular Basis of Brain Plasticity and How Neurons Learn
A new study proposes a new theory to how neurons learn

Further Evidence for Causal Link Between Schizophrenia and Cannabis
Schizophrenia risk may predict cannabis use, rather than the other way around

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